We have written extensively about the various voting methods used to determine both the Oscar nominations and winners. And we've delved into the math behind the "magic numbers" that guarantee a nomination come January 14. But who gets to cast their ballots for these nominations beginning on Wednesday (December 30)?
How do you get to become one of the 6,261 members of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. As per academy bylaw Article III, Section 1:
Membership shall be by invitation of the Board of Governors. Invitations to active membership shall be limited to those persons active in the motion picture arts and sciences, or credited with screen achievements, or who have otherwise achieved distinction in the motion picture arts and sciences and who, in the opinion of the Board, are qualified for membership.
Applicants need to be sponsored by two members of the branch, approved by the membership committee of that branch and then by the board of governors.
Each of the 17 branches sets out its own critieria for admission. All include a proviso that allows for admission of those who have been nominated for an Oscar. And the executive committee of each branch can deem somone to have "achieved unique distinction, earned special merit or made an outstanding contribution."
Beyond these two catch-alls, there are varying degrees of experience required. All branches require that the credits submitted be for films "of a caliber that reflect the high standards of the academy." Below, we break down the rules for each branch. And we detail the various ways in which someone can be admitted as a member-at-large.
Actors Branch: 1,138 members
scripted roles in three films, with at least one of these from the past five years.
Casting Directors Branch: 86 members
screen credit on at least 10 films over a period of no less than eight years.
Cinematographers Branch: 227 members
director of photography on two films, with at least one of these from the past three years (until this year, five credits were needed).
Costume Designers Branch: 115 members
screen credit on at least six films.
Designers Branch: 278 members
screen credit as Production Designer, Art Director or Set Decorator on at least four films over a period of no less than five years; Art Directors working under supervision of Production Designers must have six credits.
Directors Branch: 394 members
director of two films, with at least one of these from the past 10 years.
Documentary Branch: 237 members
director and/or producer of two documentary films, with at least one of these from the past five years.
Executive Branch: 458 members
at least five years experience as a senior executive at an organization producing and/or distributing films, which has been in business at least five years and released three films (or two animated films) in that time. Twenty years of work in the film business guarantees life-time membership.
Film Editors Branch: 254 members
screen credit on four films, at least two of which must be single card credits; shared credits and supervising film editor credits count as 1/2 each.
Makeup & Hairstyling Branch: 141 members
screen credit on at least five films over a period of no less than seven years.
Members-At-Large: 216 members
encompasses all those who work in fields for which the academy has no branch.
(i) general: eight years experience; or sitting executive director of DGA, SAG, PGA, WGA and IATSE; or two years of distinction with uanimous approval of membership committee.
(ii) creative science & technology: eight years experience; or contribution to creative process; or distinction with 3/4 approval of Creative Science and Technology sub-committee.
(iii) production: eight years experience; or five years as head of production, visual effects production, post-production.
(iv) stunt coordinator: 10 years experience and 10 screen credits.
Music Branch: 257 members
screen credit on at least three films, with at least one of these from the past six years.
Producers Branch: 483 members
screen credit on at least two films, with at least one of these from the past 10 years.
Public Relations Branch: 388 members
distinction in field of publicity, advertising or promotion of film AND at least 10 years experience with at least five of those as head of a department or as chief strategist of a company involved in producing, distributing, marketing or publicizing films (the latter requirement can be waived by a two-third majority of the branch executive committee) OR two years as the most senior marketing executive at a motion picture production/distribution company (again, with two-thirds approval).
Short Films and Feature Animation Branch: 401 members
screen credit in a key creative role on at least three films.
Sound Branch: 437 members
eight years experience with at least five of those as mixer, engineer or supervising sound editor (in the case of the latter, credit on at least five films).
Visual Effects Branch: 359 members
eight years experience in a key creative role.
Writers Branch: 392 members
screen credit on at least two films.
Make your Oscar predictions beginning with this category to the right or at the bottom of this post.
Meet the guy who won our contest to predict the Oscar nominations last year — and learn how he did it and how you can be our next Gold Derby superstar.
Photo credit: AMPAS