Emmys 101: How does the nomination process work?

Nominations ballots for the 65th annual Primetime Emmy awards went live on the academy’s website on June 10 and must be returned to Ernst & Young, the accountants who oversee the process, by 5 pm PT on June 28. The nominations will be announced at 5:30 am PT on July 18 while winners will be revealed during the Sept. 22 kudocast on CBS.

“Primetime” is defined as between 6 pm and 2 am. The eligibility periods runs from June 1, 2012 to May 31, 2013. With the exception of the web-based awards, programming must air on broadcast or cable television with a reach of 51% of the national market. Nominees are chosen from entrants who have paid a fee to the academy and met certain guidelines.

As with the motion picture academy, the 16,000 members of ATAS belong to one or more peer group. Each peer group decides the nominees for the categories that recognize their respective talents — i.e., performers nominate performers, writers nominate writers, etc. 

While nominations for individuals are decided by each peer group, all academy members are eligible to make nominations in the program categories, with the exceptions of the animated and documentary genre awards which are decided on by those peer groups. 

Unlike the Oscars, with its complicated system of preferential balloting, the Emmys use straight line voting to determine the nomineess. 

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