Why have no animated movies ever won more than 2 competitive Oscars?

According to the combined predictions of Gold Derby users, “Soul” is a pretty safe bet to win two Oscars: Best Animated Feature and Best Score. But it has one other nomination, Best Sound, and if it wins that it would set a new record as the most awarded animated film in Oscar history. Which begs the question, why after 93 years has no animated movie ever won more than two?

There are a whopping 11 animated films tied at two Oscars apiece. Before 2001 when the academy introduced the Best Animated Feature category, that meant victories for Best Score and Best Song. That was the case for “Dumbo” (1941), “The Little Mermaid” (1989), “Beauty and the Beast” (1991) “Aladdin” (1992), “The Lion King” (1994), and “Pocahontas” (1995).

Since 2001 double wins have almost always meant victories for Best Animated Feature and music: “Toy Story 3” (2010), “Frozen” (2013), and “Coco” (2017) won Animated Feature and Song, while “Up” (2009) claimed Animated Feature and Score. The only  animated film ever to win anywhere else was “The Incredibles” (2004), which claimed Best Sound Editing to go along with its Animated Feature prize.

So what gives? Granted, you wouldn’t expect an animated movie to compete in fields like costumes, makeup and hairstyling, or cinematography, fields that strictly award achievements in live-action films (though stop-motion movies like “Kubo and the Two Strings” actually have received industry recognition for costume design). Nevertheless, animated films still employ film editors, sound designers, production designers, writers, directors,  and visual effects artists whose work could be recognized more often.

Despite the broad range of eligible achievements in animated films, there has remained an impenetrable wall between them and most Oscar categories. And even when films do break out of their usual niche to receive multiple nominations, they never win in those other races. “Beauty and the Beast,” “Up,” and “Toy Story 3” were all nominated for Best Picture, but they still only won two Oscars in the aforementioned categories. And nine animated movies were nominated for their screenplays, but none of them won. All this despite many animated films being among the most critically and financially successful films of their given years.

So what will it take for an animated film to finally crack three or more Oscars? Or for one to finally be nominated for directing or even acting (there aren’t too many Best Supporting Actor winners who have had the lasting cultural impact of Robin Williams‘s Genie in “Aladdin”). Could this, in fact, be the year with “Soul,” or will it instead become the 12th animated film to win twice?

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